Graphics Card Thermal Imaging Measurements (FLIR)
Thermal Imaging Temperature Measurements
A new addition to our reviews is the inclusion of Forward Looking Infra Red thermal images of hardware. Over the past years we have been trying to figure out what the best possible way is to measure temperatures on hardware. Multiple options are available but the best thing to do is to visualize heat coming from the product or component being tested. The downside of thermal imaging hardware is simple, FLIR cameras with a bit of decent resolution costs up-to 10,000 EUR. Hence we passed on it for a long time. With a thermal imaging camera a special lens focuses the infrared light emitted by all of the objects in view. This focused light is scanned by a phased array of infrared-detector elements. The detector elements create a very detailed temperature pattern called a thermogram. It only takes about one-thirtieth of a second for the detector array to obtain the temperature information to make the thermogram. This information is obtained from several thousand points in the field of view of the detector array. The thermogram created by the detector elements is translated into electric impulses. The impulses are sent to a signal-processing unit, a circuit board with a dedicated chip that translates the information from the elements into data for the display.
The signal-processing unit sends the information to the display, where it appears as various colors depending on the intensity of the infrared emission. The combination of all the impulses from all of the elements creates the image. We can see hotspots on the PCB indicating, for example, GPU but also VRM temperature as well as how heat is distributed throughout a product. We do hope you will enjoy this new technology as it did cost us an arm and a leg to be able to implement it.
Above, you can see the graphics card in IDLE conditions. We position our measure point in the GPU die areas at the backside of the PCB. You can see NORMAL idle results for the GPU at M1, hovering below the 30 degrees C range. That's perfect.
Now we stress the card 100% with a game. We can measure pretty accurate temperatures at the GPU and VRM areas. So once we start to stress the GPU the thermals quickly change. We can measure thermals down to a 10th of a degree, our thermal camera is calibrated and does not lie. We reach ~60 degrees C on the GPU (M2), on par with what is expected. At M1 (Measure Points) the VRM Area can be spotted. It runs at roughly 80 Degrees C, the memory at M3 just over 60 Degrees C..
When we position the thermal camera outwards we can see that the overall cooler design really works well as you can not see any massive heat bleeding. The hottest point is the front side of the card where there is some residual PCB heat detected in the VRM area, close to 70 degrees C there. The good thing is that the VRM heat for the bigger part will be exhausted as it sits very close the the airflow exhaust.
And here's one last thermogram; as you can see there is no residual heat bleeding to the mobo PCB. The cooler is doing a nice job. At the top-side we hit a hotspot at M1, the VRM area but everything stays at acceptable temperatures.